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From: "joyce talal"
To: [email protected]
Subject: s.j.mckelvie article narcissism...

My first visit to your site. Am curious about personality differences in football players by position. After reading it and noticing that it was at a Canadian University, I wondered if the term"football" was used in the American sense, or "soccer." Can you suggest any sources I can use to further my quest to find out if there are personality differences between football players at different positions? Just curious.

Joyce Talal

From: [email protected]
To: "joyce talal"
Subject: Re: s.j.mckelvie article narcissism...

Dear Joyce,

My paper with Willie Elman was concerned with narcissism in football players of the North American variety, not soccer. As for work on personality and player position, I do not know about soccer, but as far as football is concerned, I know of only one study and this is it:

       Schurr, K. T., Ruble, V., Nisbet, J., & Wallace, D. (1984). Myers-Briggs type inventory characteristics of more and less successful players on an American football team. Journal of Sport Behavior, 7, 47-57.

There is also a description of an unpublished study with volleyball players by Richard Cox. It is described in his textbook:

       Cox, R. H. (2002). Sport psychology: Concepts and applications. Boston: McGraw Hill.

Stuart McKelvire

Athletic Insight - The Online Journal of Sport Psychology: Line

From: [email protected]
To: [email protected]
Subject: Male and Female Differences

Do men and women perceive their success/failure differently? How is this affected when one considers athletes from individual sports (like tennis) and team sports (like soccer). Any information that you can provide would be welcome.


From: "Athletic Insight"
To: [email protected]
Subject: Re: Male and Female Differences

Dear Shannon:

You have asked a great question, and it can be considered in a number of ways. One way to consider the perceptions of male and female athletes is through their explanatory patterns. An explanatory pattern is simply the way that people including athletes explain their previous optimal and sub-par performances. There are some athletes who explain optimal performances to personal characteristics such as personal ability and personal effort. there are others who might explain a good performance to either the task's simplicity, or to luck, for that matter. These examples suggest entirely different ways of explaining a favorable outcome. On way of looking at the outcome is optimistic, and the other way of looking at the outcome is pessimistic. In relation to your question, when male and female athletes of all levels were compared, there was no difference in the way they evaluated themself. If you were to consider the group dynamics of male and female athletes in team sports, however, those dynamics might be very different. So, to make a long story short, the answer to gender similarities and differences in regards to psychology can vary depending on which aspect you choose to consider.

In terms of the psychological mindset of the team, there is a lot of information available. One example would be the Diane Stevens and Gordon Bloom article published in Athletic insight last year. Another example of literature addressing your question would be Robert Weinberg and Dan Gould's chapters (7 and 8) on group dynamics and team-building. The title of the book is Foundations of Sport and Exercise 3rd edition, and it is published by Human Kinetics Publishers.

I hope this response proves useful, and that it continues to direct you toward the wonderful world of sport psychology.

Best wishes,
Robert Schinke
Associate Editor

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Copyright 2002 Athletic Insight, Inc.
ISSN 1536-0431